Canh Chua

A fish soup for all
by Thu Nguyen
Canh chua is my favorite Vietnamese soup. It is an immaculate study in contrasts; the sourness of the lime or vinegar is kept in check with the sweetness of the pineapple bits, and the delicateness of the fish plays against the crunch of the bean sprouts and celery. Even if I didn’t love this soup so much, we’d have to include it just because of how gorgeous it looks with its red, green, and yellow vegetables.
Chopping tomatoes.
Chopping tomatoes.
Chopping pinepple.
Chopping pinepple.
Cleaning fish.
Cleaning fish.
This is another Vietnamese dish that has an extensive shopping list, but a valuable tip I learned from Mom is that you don’t necessarily need every single ingredient. Some of the herbs are harder to come by than others, so if you have more of one than another, you can substitute. Vinegar or lime can be used. Although snapper is delicious with it, I’ve also had tasty soups made with salmon and even shrimp. Nguyen hates okra but I love it, so Mom sometimes dishes out half of it without okra first and then adds it to the pot. I am sure that there is a canh chua combination that everyone can make and love.
Canh Chua diptych.
Sautéing garlic.
Sautéing garlic.
Sautéing tomatoes.
Sautéing tomatoes.
Adding morning glory.
Adding morning glory.
While pho sometimes sits heavy in my stomach, canh chua always is a light, refreshing meal. The sweet, sour flavors are perfect for a summer lunch or dinner with family.
The soup is ready.
The soup is ready.
Time to eat!
Time to eat!
Dad goes for the fish.
Dad goes for the fish.
Serving size: 4 people
3/4 lb. Okra (ends cut off, halved)
6 cloves garlic (minced)
3 beef steak tomatoes (cubed)
5 celery stalks. (Sliced at angle)
½ pineapple (chopped)
2 lb. grouper (or snapper)
1 lime (quartered)
1tbs. sugar
4 bullion cubes

On high heat: 3 tbs olive oil in pot, sauté garlic in oil, add tomatoes.
Add 3 ½ cups of water.
Add bullion.
Squeeze lime.
Add pineapple.
1 tbs. sugar and ½ tsp. salt.
Bring pot to a boil.
Add fish.
Simmer 15 minutes.
Add celery.
Add 1 tbs fish sauce.
Add Okra.
Take fish out.
Add herbs, scallions, and bean sprouts.
If you want the soup tangier, add another half a lime.  Serve on the side:  fish and a plate with fish sauce and/or 2 chopped fresh spicy red chili peppers.

Eating Canh Chua.
Photos/Video: Nguyen Khoi Nguyen

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